Alabama Center for Traditional Culture. The Alabama Center for Traditional Culture, operating within the framework of the Alabama State Council on the Arts, was created in 1990, and is dedicated to the research, documentation and preservation of the state's folk cultures. Includes traditional musics of Alabama and Alabama Folkways Radio Series.
Atlanta in the Civil Rights Movement. Atlanta Regional Consortium for Higher Education. Site contains a number of essays detailing Atlanta’s role in the civil rights movement from the 1940s through the 1970s. Subjects include early attempts at negotiation, the struggle for voting rights, efforts at desegregation, and the rise of the black power movement.
Civil Rights in Mississippi Digital Archive. McCain Library, University of Southern Mississippi. The Civil Rights in Mississippi Digital Archive is an Internet-accessible, fully searchable database of digitized versions of rare and unique library and archival resources on race relations in Mississippi. In executing this effort, The University of Southern Mississippi Libraries seek to: 1) enhance access to primary source material, 2) preserve original materials by creating digital surrogates, 3) create learning opportunities for remote users, and 4) create an infrastructure for a continuing digitization program. For the first phase of the project, USM Libraries cooperated with the USM Center for Oral History to offer more than 60 oral history transcripts on the civil rights movement, such as those by civil rights leaders Charles Cobb, Charles Evers, Aaron Henry, and Hollis Watkins. This collection also includes oral histories of race-baiting governor Ross Barnett, national White Citizens Council leader William J. Simmons, and State Sovereignty head Erle Johnston. Audio excerpts were added to several of these transcripts. The project was expanded in 2001 by the addition of twenty-two letters from the Joseph and Nancy Freedom Summer Collection and four diaries of freedom school teachers in 1964.
With the award of an Institute of Museum and Library Services grant for 2002-2003, the second phase of the Civil Rights in Mississippi Digital Archive went into full-swing. In addition to 84 more oral histories, nearly 1,000 items have been selected from USM's manuscript and photograph collections, totalling more than 7,000 pages. Access to these materials will be provided as the digitization process is completed. Includes: A Brief History of the Civil Rights Movement in Hattiesburg, Mississippi and a Civil Rights in Mississippi Timeline.
Freedom Songs. From the PBS documentary A Force More Powerful: A Century of Non-Violent Conflict.
A Force More Powerful is about popular movements battling entrenched regimes or military forces with weapons very different from guns and bullets: strikes, demonstrations, petitions, parades, walkouts, noncooperation (i.e., boycotts, resignations and civil disobedience), and direct intervention in the form of sit-ins, nonviolent sabotage, and blockades. Website and film include section on Freedom Songs with clips from Folkways. "Several new freedom songs grew out of the Nashville sit-ins. They drew upon contemporary rhythm and blues songs and the soul music of Ray Charles for their clever commentary on segregation. Their music was full of humor and satire, and especially helpful for relieving the fear and anxiety of students going to jail for the first time."
Guy & Candi Carawan: A Personal Story Through Sight & Sound. The Carawans report on their experiences as activists, songleaders, and trainers of songleaders at the Highlander Center during the Civil Rights movement.
Indiana University, Archives of African American Music and Culture. Established in 1991, the Archives of African American Music and Culture (AAAMC) is a repository of materials covering various musical idioms and cultural expressions from the post-World War II era. The AAAMC supports the research of scholars, students, and the general public from around the world by providing access to oral histories, photographs, musical and print manuscripts, audio and video recordings, and educational broadcast programs, among other holdings. Special Collections include Popular music, Religious music, Classical music, Black radio, General subjects, Educational resources.
Jesse B. Blayton, Pioneer. Radio Hall of Fame. Jesse B. Blayton, Sr. made radio history when he became the first African American to own and operate a radio station in America…. In 1949, he purchased 1,000-watt station WERD/Atlanta and hired his son Jesse Blayton, Jr. as station manager. The younger Blayton hired radio veteran Jack Gibson to be program director. WERD’s “black appeal” format became an instant success with African American listeners. By 1951, Gibson—using the on-air name “Jockey Jack”—was Atlanta’s most popular disc jockey. During the 1960s, the station shared building space with the Southern Christian Leadership Council and provided a platform for civil rights activists to make their voices heard.
Library of Congress Digital Exhibit: The African American Odyssey.
World War I and Post War Society. This section of the exhibit is divided in two parts. Part 1 includes material on African American cultural heritage in the years prior to World War II, including Jazz Master James Reese Europe, while Part 2 concentrates on the Harlem Renaissance, along with material on singer Marian Anderson.
Cultural Expressions in the 1940s. This section of the exhibit includes material on William Grant Still's "Afro-American Symphony," singer Billie Holiday, and Duke Ellington.
The Civil Rights Era. This section of the exhibit entitled the "African-American Odyssey" includes a section on The Civil Rights Era broken into two parts — Part 1 Topics: Truman ends military segregation, Brown vs. Board, Little Rock Nine, Montgomery Bus Boycott, James Meredith desegregates University of Mississippi. Part 2 Topics: Sit-ins, Freedom Rides, March on Washington, Voting Rights Act of 1965, and a discussion of the song "We Shall Overcome."
Mt. Zion Albany (GA) Civil Rights Movement Museum. The Virtual Museum will offer links to information on the context of the Albany and southwest Georgia civil rights movement. One of the most important features in the Museum's holdings is a collection of photographs by photographer-journalists who documented many of the confrontations and the daily life which characterized the 1960s civil rights movement. Many will be available for downloading from this site in addition to being displayed in the Museum. The most important group of photographs is the Danny Lyon collection. Lyon, a northern white civil rights worker, was the first official photographer of the Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). Music played a key role in uniting people during tense moments of the movement, particularly in the South. Some of the most popular songs were actually adaptations of traditional hymns sung in African American churches. Lyrics were sometimes composed on the spot during demonstrations, identifying issues and people at whom the demonstrations were directed. Strong and talented singers emerged in each community, usually from members of local church choirs. Albany Civil Rights Movement Museum Freedom Singers - The spirit of the Civil Rights Movement comes to life through the Albany Civil Rights Movement Museum Freedom Singers. Directed by Miss Rutha Harris, one of the original Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) Freedom Singers that formed in 1962 in Albany, Georgia, the Singers continue the tradition of freedom songs from African American struggle for freedom and equality. The Museum is collecting the oral histories of people who participated in the movement locally. These histories convey the feeling of being involved in a great social movement which helped to alter the course of American history, as no scholarly or journalistic history can. These histories will be available, in excerpted form, from this Web site and will be available unabridged at the Museum.
Northeast Mississippi Music Documentation Project. Center for the Study of Southern Culture, University of Mississippi. From the whine of a steel guitar in a country church to a family harmonizing at a weeknight jam session, the Mississippi Arts Commission has produced a new online gallery to highlight some of northeast Mississippi’s best traditional musicians and music performance venues. African Americans featured include members of The Church of the Living God, Toccopola; gospel groups The Spiritual Harmoneers, The Mighty Stars of Harmony, The Harmonious Harmoneers; Winfred Schumpit, a.k.a. “Dr. Love,” club owner in Tupelo. Some audio clips available.
The Unofficial Billie Holiday Website. Lyrics to dozens of her songs, including "Strange Fruit;" biographical materials; articles on Holiday; mp3s available on the web; link to Ladyslipper site with more audio clips; bibliographical materials; discography; photos; website links.
Voices of Civil Rights. AARP, the Leadership Conference on Civil Rights (LCCR), and the Library of Congress have teamed up to collect and preserve personal accounts of America's struggle to fulfill the promise of equality for all. We invite you to explore this site, which serves as both a living memorial to those who were a part of the civil rights experience and a tribute to the quest for equality that continues today. Begin by learning about the power of a story. http://www.voicesofcivilrights.org/index.html
We Shall Overcome. University of Virginia library exhibit. Site includes discussion of the protest songs of the civil rights movement, and includes an audio clip of "We Shall Overcome," and other songs related to the African American Freedom Struggle. From University of Virginia Library exhibition entitled, "Lift Every Voice: Music in American Life."
We Shall Overcome: Historic Places of the Civil Rights Movement. A partnership project produced by the U.S. Department of Interior, National Park Service, U.S. Department of Transportation, The Federal Highway Administration, and the National Conference of State Historic Preservation Officers